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2018年04月26日 19:26:56 | 作者:飞排名指定医院 | 来源:新华社
栏目简介:;Shanghai Live; focuses on big events in the city and major issues around the world, and presents them in a practical and audience-friendly manner to meet the ever-evolving needs of Shanghai#39;s English-speaking viewers,both local and expatriate.《直播上海英语电台》集中报道城市大事件以及全球热点话题,并以观众喜闻乐见的方式呈现给大家,从而满足上海本地以及上海海外人士的英语需求。 Article/201510/402098Could there be extraterrestrial life here?那里有外星生物吗?Are we y to rewrite the history books, to tear up the science books我们准备好改写史书,撕毁科学书籍to turn our world upside down?颠覆我们的世界了吗?What happens next could change everything接下来发生的可能会改变一切Mars is the planet that most captures our imagination.火星比任何其他行星都能激发我们的遐想Think of B-movies, sci-fi comics, what follows?想到科幻电影、漫画,你会联想到什么-Martians?火星人?It#39;s all just fiction, right?这都是虚构的,对吗?But what it there really is something here?但如果这里真的有生物呢?Hard to imagine, though. Up close, this is a dead planet无法想像,近观火星是一个死去的行星The activity that makes the Earth livable shut down millions of years ago here使得地球适宜居住的演化过程几亿年前在火星上就停止了Red and dead红色、死寂Mars is a giant fossil.火星是一块巨大的化石Wait. Something is alive等一下,还有东西在活动A dust devil, a big one一个巨大的尘暴Bigger than the biggest twisters back home.绝对超过地球上最大的龙卷风There#39;s wind here这里有风And where there#39;s wind, there#39;s air有风说明有空气Could that air sustain extraterrestrial life?可以维持外星生物的空气It#39;s too thin tor us to breathe.但对我们的呼吸来说,火星的空气太稀薄了And there#39;s no ozone layer而且这里没有臭氧层Nothing to protect us against the Sun#39;s ultraviolet rays.没有什么能够保护其不受太阳紫外线的伤害There is water这里有水But frigid temperatures keep it in a constant deep freeze但在彻骨的严寒中只能永远被冰冻It#39;s hard to believe anything could live here很难相信有什么可以在这里生存Back on Earth, there are creatures that survive in extreme cold, heat但是在地球,极冷和极热的地方都有生物存在even in the deepest ocean trenches即使在最深的海沟It#39;s as though life is a virus.生命好像病毒It adapts, sps会适应环境、会散播Maybe that#39;s what we#39;re doing right now也许我们现在正在携带着carrying the virus of life across the universe.生命的病毒穿越宇宙Even in the most extreme conditions life usually finds a way.即使在最极端的环境里,生命都会找到生存的办法But on a dead planet?但在这个死去的行星上With no way to replenish its soil, no heat to melt its frozen water?没有活动去补充它土壤中的成分,没有热量使其冰冻水融化All this dust, it#39;s hard to see where we#39;re going还有大量尘埃,让我们无法辨别方位 Article/201506/378052The brain is amazing and complex.But a lack of understandings has lead to a grateful idea of myth through out the years.我们的大脑神奇又复杂。但由于缺乏足够足够了解,多年来我们都存在许多误解。Like ;bigger is better,;Well,this may be true for some other organs,You only need to look at sperm whale#39;s brain which is nearly 6 times larger than that of humans,to see this myth fall apart.Yes,there are certainly intelligent animals.but their cognitive skills pale in comparison to our own.比如“越大越好”。这个说话或许对其他器官适应,这个误解看似有一定道理,但只需要用抹香鲸举个例子就可以说明,它们的大脑差不多比人的大脑大6倍。它们确实很聪明,不过认知能力远不及我们人类。Had fun night owl?Don#39;t worry.Alcohol doesn#39;t actually kill your brain cells.Although,it does cause damaging creates problems of conveying messages between neurons,The damage is mostly reversible.Similarily,drugs don#39;t actually create holes in your brain.喝高后也不要太担心大脑受损。酒精并不会杀死我们的脑细胞。虽然酒精可能导致神经元之间的信息传递障碍,但这却是可逆的。同样 药物也不会让大脑内部形成空洞。Though,some can permanently change your brain#39;s functionality and structure,the only thing can not a hole in your brain is physical trauma.Good thing is you have 100 billion brain cells,or not.Surprisingly,it wasn#39;t it until 2009 that scientists discoverd the true mnumber to be closer to 86 billion.Sure,it may seem like a small difference.一些药物确实会永久性改变大脑的机能和物理结构,但只有外部创伤才真正会在脑袋里留下洞洞。我们真的有1000亿个脑细胞吗?恐怕没有。奇怪的是直到2009年科学家们才发现,我们只有大约860亿个脑细胞。可能你会觉得这差别不是很大。But those 14 billion neurons are equal to the size of entire baboon brain,To further put those number in perceptive consider that 1 million seconds is 12 days,while 1 billion seconds is 31 years.So,that 14 billion neuron difference may not be so small after all.但是,狒狒一般情况下也才有这相差的140亿个脑细胞,让我们举个例子进一步说明这个差距有多大,100万秒是约是12天 10亿秒却是31年,这样看来 是不是140亿的差距就不小啦。Regardless we can#39;t use them all,right? Most movies and science books have us believe humans can only use around 10% percent of our brain.which is absolutely nonsense.Thanks to modern brain scanning technology.we known that we use the whole thing all the time.Now,necessarily all at once,when you working,for instance.the part the brain associated with movement are more active than other areas.我们不能完全利用大脑对吗?大多数科教片和科技书籍都误导我们,人类大脑最多可以开发10%左右,这纯属扯淡,有了脑部扫描技术后 我们才得知,我们的大脑随时都在完全运转。比如 当你需要做某种工作时,可以让大脑某部位更加活跃。However,there is no part of the brain that simply doesn#39;t do anything.It presents 3% of the body#39;s weigh,and it just 20% of its energy,that#39;s a busy brain,But we generally use one side more than the other,right? Nope .But you have be convinced that if you more logical or analytical.you more left brained;and if you are more creative and intuitive,you#39;re more brained.It simply not true.不过 其他部位并不是完全闲着。大脑占人体重量的3% 却要消耗20%的能量 它真的很忙,我们更擅长用左脑或是右脑吗?也不是,大多数人会觉得 如果更理智或更聪明,自己就是左脑型;如果创造力和直觉好 就是右脑型。其实都不对。While different sides of our brain are indeed used for special functions.For example,language uses the left hemispherre.while the right hemisphere helps us a emotion.Study on thousands individuals have found,no evidence of left or right dominance in individuals.In other words,you use both sides equally.And you don#39;t actually have 5 senses like you are always told.不过,我们左右脑确实各施其职。比如 说话主要靠左脑,而右脑却帮我们读懂别人的感情。对数千人研究后表明 个体左脑和右脑之间,完全没有主脑和副脑的区别。也就是说 你的两侧大脑完全平等。你也并不只有通常认为的五种感官。In fact,you have a lot more.Like nociception,which is the sense of pain,and proprioception,the sense of how our body are positioned.Not to mention the sense of balance,temperature and passing of time.Scientists at GE Global Research Centers are collaborating with top researchers and institutions to uncover new insides of the brain functionality.实际上,要多得多。比如感觉疼痛的“伤感感受”,以及用于调节体位的“本体感受”。其他还有感觉平衡 温度和时间流逝的感受等。GE全球研究中心的科学家们 正与全球顶尖的研究者和研究中心合作,探究大脑功能的位置奥秘。If you are interested in debunking more myth,or understanding more about the brain.you can follow their progress at the GE reports,as they work together to crack the brain#39;s greatest mysteries.如果对探究奥秘 或者是想了解更多有关大脑知识,可以关注GE的研究报告了解他们揭露的大脑奥秘。 Article/201501/351731栏目简介:;Shanghai Live; focuses on big events in the city and major issues around the world, and presents them in a practical and audience-friendly manner to meet the ever-evolving needs of Shanghai#39;s English-speaking viewers,both local and expatriate.《直播上海英语电台》集中报道城市大事件以及全球热点话题,并以观众喜闻乐见的方式呈现给大家,从而满足上海本地以及上海海外人士的英语需求。 Article/201505/372380

栏目简介:《英语视频之Top10》是英语视频听力下的子栏目,栏目包含中英字幕,而且能够了解世界上10大新奇或者有意思的事物,比如奇葩犯罪记录、科学骗局、邪恶老师等,通过简单有趣的讲述,能够提高学习英语的兴趣,积累一些英语知识,是比较生动的英语学习材料。 Article/201511/407385

Death toll rises to 35 after bus plunges into NW China valley陕西大巴坠崖 致35人遇难Authorities in north-west China#39;s Shaanxi province say the death toll from a road accident has gone up to 35.中国西北陕西省当局称一起交通事故已造成35人死亡。A bus with 46 on board plunged 30 meters into a ravine in Chunhua county, in the province.一辆大巴车在陕西省淳化县境内发生坠崖事故,车上共有包括2名司乘人员在内的乘客46人。Twenty five people were killed at the site of the accident, with the others succumbing to their injuries in hospitals.25人当场死亡,其他人则入院接受治疗。Five people remain in critical condition among 11 passengers receiving treatment in hospitals.在医院接受治疗的乘客中有5人情况危急。The bus belonged to the Xiangban trading company in Xi#39;an, the provincial capital.这辆公共汽车属于陕西省西安市相伴商贸有限公司。Preliminary investigation shows the bus veered off the road at a turn, after the driver lost control.初步调查显示由在一处弯道失去控制导致汽车滑出公路。A relative of a victim said the bus driver told passengers moments before the accident, that the bus brakes had stopped working.一名受害者亲属表示事发之前司机曾告诉乘客该这辆车的刹车无法使用。 Article/201505/375741

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Time for the Shoutout.“大声喊出来”的时间到了!American scientist William James is known for his research into what subject?美国科学家威廉·詹姆斯以哪方面研究出名?If you think you know it, shout it out.如果你认为你知道,那么大声喊出来吧!Is it emotion, speech, reflex or biology?是情感、演讲、反射作用还是生物学?You#39;ve got three seconds. Go.你有三秒钟的时间,开始!UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The philosopher and psychologist William James is known for his theories surrounding emotion.威廉·詹姆斯既是哲学家,又是心理学家,他以情感有关的理论而出名。That#39;s your answer and that#39;s your Shoutout.那就是你的,那就是你的“大喊”。AZUZ: We#39;ve talked before how Internet companies like Google and social media sites like Facebook use the sites you visit and the subjects you like to help advertisers reach you. 我们节目曾探讨过像谷歌这样的互联网公司以及Facebook这类的社交网站利用你浏览的网站、你点的赞来为你推送广告。It#39;s called data mining.这叫做数据挖掘。One thing that#39;s new, technology that allows some computers to track your emotions while you#39;re online. 在你上网时,电脑通过一些技术能监测你的情感,则是新鲜事。One thing that#39;s not new, the privacy concerns.而并不新鲜的则是对泄漏隐私的担忧。 /201504/371048

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